What is Breakeven Point Meaning, Formula, & Calculation


Options traders also use the technique to figure out what price level the underlying price must be for a trade so that it expires in the money. A breakeven point calculation is often done by also including the costs of any fees, commissions, taxes, and in some cases, the effects of inflation. A breakeven point tells you what price level, yield, profit, or other metric must be achieved not to lose any money—or to make back an initial investment on a trade or project. Thus, if a project costs $1 million to undertake, it would need to generate $1 million in net profits before it breaks even.

  • These are a few pointers which briefly discuss why it is important to calculate break-even points and study them in a business environment.
  • Your contribution margin shows you how much take-home profit you make from a sale.
  • The break-even point in units equation is calculated by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin per unit.
  • Businesses can lower the breakeven point when the current price isn’t breaking the even point.

To calculate the breakeven point, a business should establish the total fixed and variable costs. After that, the total fixed cost is divided by the selling price per unit, less the variable cost. The total fixed costs, variable costs, unit or service sales are calculated on a monthly basis in this calculator. Meaning that adding the total for all products and services monthly should account for all products and services. You may also want to do the calculation individually for each product or service if the products or service sales vary per month.

Calculating the Break-Even Point in Sales Dollars

Even the ones you might not think about right away, e.g., costs of customer returns, variable shipping costs, etc. Hence, the break-even price to recover costs for ABC is $10 per widget. Management should constantly monitor the breakeven point, particularly in regard to the last item noted, in order to reduce the breakeven point whenever possible. Here are some examples of calculating the break-even point on an investment.

Break-even point has a wide use in the field of marginal costing and helps to decide the product mix, fixation of selling price, steps to be taken in long-term planning etc. Break-even point represents that volume of production where total costs equal to total sales revenue resulting into a no-profit no-loss situation. The break-even sales can be calculated by multiplying the selling price per unit with the break-even point, i.e., the number of units to be produced.

Break Even Analysis

When companies find their BEP in sales, they understand the minimum prices they need to set for their products and services. This also gives sales teams insight into how flexible they can be when planning their tactics for different customers. Homeowners, investors, and stockbrokers all understand the line where financial investment meets financial return. By understanding your company’s break-even point (BEP), you’ll provide your sales team with crucial insights into quotas, pricing, and growth opportunities. This can inform not only your sales strategies but also your long-term business plan.

Example of the Breakeven Point

These are the expenses you pay to run your business, such as rent and insurance. To calculate BEP, you also need the amount of fixed costs that needs to be covered by the break-even units sold. You would not be able to calculate the break-even quantity of units unless you have revenue and variable cost per unit. The information required to calculate a business’s BEP can be found in its financial statements.

Benefits of a break-even analysis

To further understand the break-even point calculation, check out a few examples below. If a company has reached its break-even point, this means the company is operating at neither a net loss nor a net gain (i.e. “broken even”). An unprofitable business eventually runs out of cash on hand, and its operations https://accounting-services.net/how-do-you-reduce-the-break-even-point/ can no longer be sustained (e.g., compensating employees, purchasing inventory, paying office rent on time). There is no net loss or gain at the break-even point (BEP), but the company is now operating at a profit from that point onward. At the break-even point, the company makes neither a profit nor a loss.

Knowing the actual breakeven point of products helps to decide whether to drop a product. But also experienced business owners should pay close attention to the power behind the break-even analysis. As simple as it might seem, it can uncover hidden and expensive cost components along the supply and value chain of your business. If you’re just starting out with your ecommerce business and have to manage a limited financial budget, knowing the BEP is crucial to assess and control your profits. The break-even analysis helps you to understand the financial health of your business.

Changes in the cost of production affect the points of breaking even. Production managers tend to focus on the number of units it takes to recover their manufacturing costs. It calculates the number of units that need to be produced and sold in a period in order to make enough money to cover the fixed and variable costs. The break-even point in units equation is calculated by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin per unit. In summary, a business attains a breakeven point when sales and cost of production are equal. Calculation of breakeven requires finding fixed and variable costs first.

We’ll do the math and all you will need is an idea of the following information. The incremental revenue beyond the break-even point (BEP) contributes toward the accumulation of more profits for the company. Keith and Alexandra must sell 400 hotdogs each month in order to avoid any losses. Contribution Margin is the difference between the price of a product and what it costs to make that product. Sales Price per Unit- This is how much a company is going to charge consumers for just one of the products that the calculation is being done for. The break-even analysis does not take into consideration the amount of capital employed in the business.

Margin of safety

On the other hand, purchasing conditions for raw materials or parts could improve due to the larger volumes. The contribution margin is available to the company so that it can cover its fixed costs. This means that the higher the contribution margin, the more fixed costs will be covered by the generated revenue.