Capital Expenditure Vs Revenue Expenditure: Key Differences


In this blog we will learn more about capital expenditure and operational expenditure, calculations regarding capex, and how both are different from each other. In this case, the amount spent each year on making pens and packing them for employees, utility bills, worker wages, insurance, rent, and so on will be classified as revenue expenditure. Repair and maintenance of assets such as plant & machinery help to a regular ongoing process of the business.

  • Revenue expenditures or operating expenses are recorded on the income statement.
  • These expenses are subtracted from the revenue that a company generates from sales to eventually arrive at the net income or profit for the period.
  • Effectively managing RevEx is crucial for maintaining financial stability, ensuring profitability, and allocating resources for sustainable growth.
  • Some examples are wages to workers, shipping and freight charges, commission, rent, electricity, etc.
  • Inventors or entertainers may receive revenue from licensing, patents, or royalties.
  • Income is often used to incorporate expenses and report the net proceeds a company has earned.

The main component of revenue is the quantity sold multiplied by the price. For a service company, this is the number of service hours multiplied by the billable service rate. For a retailer, this is the number of goods sold multiplied by the sales price. Now, with the meaning of capital expenditure established, let us look at the types of CApex. Legal fees relating to the purchase of assets need to be capitalized in the cost of the asset. Overhauls involve the substantial replacement or upgrade of an asset that improves its useful life, and its cost is capitalized in the balance sheet.

#3. Utility Expenses

On the other hand, revenue spending is not shown on the balance sheet. Capital expenditure is a long-term investment with long-term consequences for the firm. Taking good care of how a company spends money on day-to-day affairs, makes its financial situation stronger. After the purchase of the minting machine, the company may decide to hire a new lead engineer together with seven other technicians to run the new machine. A fundamental role of this team will be keeping the equipment running throughout the production cycle. Other secondary tasks may include the installation of new parts, monitoring production, and continuous maintenance.

Betterments are expenses that actually improve the performance or useful life of the asset. They not only keep the asset operational; they extend the operational life. Betterments are usually capitalized and added to the asset cost on the balance sheet. These improvements are then depreciated over time instead of being expensed immediately like revenue expenditures. Capital expenditures are classified within several standard types of fixed assets.

Direct expenses also include costs such as electricity used during the production, wages paid to workers, legal expenses, rent, shipping-related costs, and freight charges. First, all direct and indirect costs of current operations must be identified and tracked. Once these expenses are accounted for, they can then be added together to determine the total revenue expenditure for the period.

Indirect Expenses:

Typically, the purpose of CapEx is to expand a company’s ability to generate revenue and earnings. Conversely, revenue expenditures are the operational expenses for running the day-to-day business and the maintenance costs that are necessary to keep the asset in working order. Direct expenses are those costs that are incurred when goods and services are in the process of being produced. The costs that are incurred during the day-to-day operations that take place in the business are also direct expenses. For manufacturing companies, examples of direct expenses include the costs that are incurred for the conversion of raw materials to finished products or goods.

What Does Revenue Expenditure Mean?

Capital expenditures are the long-term costs that a business incurs to acquire and improve its fixed assets. Examples of such expenses are wages, rent, power, bad debts, depreciation, telephone, printing, cost of goods (to be sold), freight, maintenance of fixed assets, etc. Revenue expenditure focuses more on short-term expenses and does not contribute to making long-term investments. Relying solely on revenue expenditure limits the company’s ability to build for the future. By optimising day-to-day expenses, businesses can reduce waste, allocate resources, and streamline operations. Efficiently managing revenue expenditure can increase a company’s overall efficiency.

Operational cost of asset

Tracking revenue expenditures is an essential part of this process, as it allows business owners and professionals to clearly understand their company’s financial health. A company’s capital expenditure is the money it spends to acquire new assets or improve the quality of current ones. Revenue expenditure refers to the money spent by businesses to run their day-to-day activities. CapEx is related to long-term spending – a major investment – while a revenue expenditure is related to short-term operating expenses.

How to calculate revenue expenditure?

Understanding how each should be tracked can mean big savings over time and should be a firm part of your accounting strategy. For instance, a company’s capital expenditures include things like equipment, property, vehicles, and computers. Revenue expenditures, on the other hand, may include things like rent, employee wages, and property taxes.

Types of Revenue Expenditures

Revenue expenditures are incurred in the normal course of business for supplies, repairs, and other operating costs that do not add value to an asset. Revenue expenditure or operating expenses constitute those costs which do not lead to asset creation. Under normal circumstances, operating expenses are incurred through business operations. how much does a small business pay in taxes Remember that revenue expenditures are expected to generate revenue (either directly or indirectly) within the same accounting period, which is usually a year. Any expense that recurs consistently over a given time is a revenue expense. For example, any maintenance costs to a building owned by your company are revenue expenditures.