A List of Essential Nutrients to Watch For in Hypothyroidism

A List of Essential Nutrients to Watch For in Hypothyroidism

When you have an underactive thyroid, particularly if you take medicine for it, it’s crucial to check your consumption of some nutrients. Continue reading to learn more. 

The underactive thyroid disorder known as hypothyroidism slows down the body’s metabolism. The condition may result in minor weight gain of 5 to 10 lbs. and bloating. When hormone levels are in check, subsequent weight loss uses the tried-and-true strategy of consuming fewer calories at meals and burning more calories through activity.

Although there are some helpful suggestions for maintaining essential nutrients and avoiding prescription interactions, the optimum diet for those with hypothyroidism will generally resemble a healthy diet for anyone.

The best way to get your nutrients is to eat a variety of fruits and vegetables. Your intake of these crucial vitamins and minerals will be maximized if you consume at least five pieces each day. Never use additional vitamin supplements or medications without consulting a doctor first.

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Hypothyroidism nutrition checklist

  • Calcium

Levothyroxine, a synthetic hormone frequently administered to treat hypothyroidism, can be inhibited by some calcium-rich diets. Be on the lookout for calcium in unexpected things such as chewable antacids. Levothyroxine should normally be taken on an empty stomach due to the effects of calcium. The gel and liquid formulations are believed to lessen interactions with calcium and other minerals if that upsets your stomach.

  • Fibre

The fibre in excess has been shown to reduce the efficacy of synthetic thyroid hormones like levothyroxine. Fibre supplements are often not advised if you follow a healthy diet that includes fruit and vegetables.

  • Iodine

Iodine is necessary for a healthy thyroid and thyroxine hormone synthesis. Anyone with hypothyroidism receiving levothyroxine, a synthetic form of thyroxine, does not need to take iodine supplements. However, iodine use might exacerbate the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, a condition when the thyroid is hyperactive. Iodine deficiency-related hypothyroidism can be treated with an adequate intake of dietary iodine, which your doctor can help you evaluate.

  • Iron

Another mineral, iron, can lessen levothyroxine’s efficiency. Before increasing your iron consumption, see your doctor. Levothyroxine should be taken at least two hours before or after any iron supplements, including multivitamins that contain iron.

  • Seaweed/kelp

Anyone with hypothyroidism should avoid kelp because of its high natural iodine content.

  • Selenium

Selenium, which is present in beans, Brazil nuts, eggs, sardines, and tuna, is another vitamin that has been linked to thyroid function. Supplements are not advised because too much selenium is not beneficial for you.

  • Soy

Another food item that can prevent the absorption of levothyroxine is soy. A few hours before or after consuming soy, as before, is the optimal time to take the hormone. Check labels because certain soy milk products may contain iodine.

  • Vitamin D

The role of vitamin D in controlling calcium and phosphorus to safeguard the strength of your bones and teeth has long been recognized. However, more recent research has suggested that vitamin D may also play a role in endocrine disorders such diabetes, hypothyroidism, and Hashimoto’s disease.

A slight correlation between low vitamin D levels and hypothyroidism has been identified in certain studies, but given how frequently people are vitamin D deficient, this finding could simply be coincidental.

  • Zinc

Common sources of zinc include shellfish, meat, poultry, and legumes (beans), and it is believed to be another mineral that is beneficial for thyroid function.

Always consult a doctor or pharmacist before taking any supplements because it is preferable to obtain vitamins and minerals via diet rather than supplements. Vitamin overdoses can be hazardous and cause thyroid blood tests to be performed incorrectly. Additionally, make sure to read the package insert for any contraindications if you are on any hypothyroidism medications.

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